1What is a ‘gamete donor’ for the purposes of artificial fertilisation’?
For the purposes of DGSA, this means an adult male person from whose body a gamete or gametes are/were removed or withdrawn, for the purpose of artificial fertilisation of the Recipient, in terms of the South African Regulations: Artificial Fertilisation of Persons.
2What is artificial fertilisation?
Artificial fertilisation means the introduction by other than natural means of a male gamete or gametes into the internal reproductive organs of a female person for the purpose of human reproduction and includes artificial insemination, in vitro fertilisation, gamete intrafallopian tube transfer, embryo intrafallopian transfer or intracytoplasmic sperm injection.
3Are the sperm samples suitable for all types of fertility treatment (sperm insemination (IUI, IVF and ICSI)?
Currently all sperm supplied is only suitable for ICSI (intracytoplasmic sperm injection).
4How many vials do I need to order?
Your initial order requires a minimum of 5 vials. You may order more if you wish but discuss this with the Genea sperm donor coordinator first.
5Is there a restriction to the number of children one donor can father?
South African law allows each donor to father 6 children only, so our sperm donors are exclusive, and our agreement allows each recipient 2 offspring. Thus, our donors are limited to 3 recipients only. If you do plan to have more than 2 children, then please speak to the Genea Donor Sperm Coordinator.
6In the case of a same sex couple who each wish to conceive, how much sperm do we need?
If you both wish to limit the total number of children you both have, to a total of 2, i.e. one partner has 2 and the other none, or each partner has 1 only, then you need only order 1x5 vials. If you both intend having more than a total between you of 2 children i.e. total of 3 or 4, then you will each have to order 5 vials (2x5vials). The reason for this is that in terms of the South African law, the law only looks at number of offspring and not ‘family units. If it is your intention to have more than 2 children, then please ensure that when ordering, that the donor still has 2 sperm allocations available. If in any doubt, please contact the Genea Donor Sperm Coordinator.
7What is the average age of the sperm donors?
The average age is 20-30 years of age
8Are the donors identifiable?
Yes and currently fulfil all the legal requirements for donors in New South Wales.
9What is an ‘identifiable’ donor, and how does this relate to South African law?
“Identifiable” is a term used according to NSW legislation and it means the donors contact details, which are registered on the NSW donor register when a child is born, can be provided to any child born from that donor when the child reaches 18 years of age and is informed of his or her origin. Only the child can obtain this information.
10Are donors tested?
Yes, the testing, which is comprehensive, is prescribed in the NSW ART ACT 2007 and follows the guidelines of RTAC (the Reproductive Technology Accreditation Committee of Fertility Society of Australia) including mandatory counselling by an ANZICA accredited counsellor.
11Are donors paid for their samples?
No. Both South African and Australian law prohibits the sale of sperm. Donors do receive a limited remuneration for their time and travel, which is quite considerable considering the number of visits required for testing and attending to provide sperm samples for cryopreservation and final quarantine rescreening, together with attending on numerous legal documents and consultations.
12Are donors tested for CMV (Cytomegallovirus infection) and what does this mean to me.
This is best discussed with your fertility specialist. All DGSA donors are tested for active CMV infections and if their screening tests according to our protocol shows no active infection, they are suitable to be used, if any activity is detected they will be rejected as donors. The same approach applies to all our infection screens.
13Once I have chatted with a donor and want to use him as a donor, how do I proceed?
Once you have decided you want to use that donor, you need to confirm the match on the website. You will then be contacted by an attorney from South Africa, who will request some information and documentation from you, and who will be assisting the parties in signing the necessary legal documentation.
14Can I continue to communicate with the donor after the chat?
No, this is not possible
15What legal documents do I need to sign? How does this all work?
In terms of South African law, this donation is termed a ‘known’ donation. As a result, the parties are required to enter into a Known Gamete Donation Agreement. You will also be required to sign an agreement with DGSA directly, this agreement is called a Sperm Donor Recipient Agreement. This agreement sets out the terms that will regulate your relationship with DGSA in relation to their assisting you with the donated gametes.
16What are the legal requirements?
The legal requirements are relatively simple: the parties must enter into a formal written legal agreement and be psychologically screened prior to signing the necessary documentation. The agreement is there to confirm what exactly the parties intentions are with regards to the donation and to correctly record specific aspects such as parental responsibilities and rights, together with ownership of gametes and embryos, restrictions on the number of children to be conceived, etc.
17What is the process and procedure?
All documentation is signed electronically. The reason for this is that it is just not efficient to have all the necessary parties print, sign, scan and email the necessary documents back. Once the agreements are drafted you will receive an email from the secure SigningHub, this email will contain a link. You will be required to click on the link, which will divert you to your internet browser and SigningHub’s webpage. Here, you will be able to read the agreement and then once satisfied, initial each page and sign. The system is a sequential signing system. This means that the parties to the agreement are added in order and then sign according to this order. The next person in line will only be able to see the agreement and sign, once the person in front has done so.
18How long does it all take?
Signing can take very quick, it just depends on the parties and how quickly they read, initial and sign the documents. On average it takes 2-3 days, given the different time zones that the parties are in.
19Can I talk to someone about the legal side of the donation?
Yes of course you can. DGSA’s attorney is available to discuss any aspect of the various documents with you. This can be done telephonically or via Skype. You will be able to arrange this with him once you have received his initial email confirming the DGSA Donor Match.
20How long does it take once the sperm samples are ordered and payment made?
Once the ordering and payment process is complete, only then can an export permit be applied for and this is mandatory for sperm to be sent out of South Africa. This permit could take 4-6 weeks and once received the sperm can be sent.